on CO2 Emission Reduction from Aircraft
According to the Special Report on Aviation and the Global Atmosphere, which was published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1999, emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from aircraft were only about 2% of total CO2 emissions (or about 13% of total CO2 emissions from all transportation sources) in 1992. It is estimated that they will be 3% of total CO2 emissions in 2050 due to rapid growth in air traffic demand. Aircraft are estimated to contribute about 5% of the total global warming in 2050, up from about 3.5% in 1992.
Due to the growth of international awareness for global warming and increasing requests for environmental consideration to state governments and companies from the public, the energy and steel industries are making an effort to reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions through the Emission Trading System in the U.S. At the 35th ICAO Assembly held in 2004, Resolution A35-5 was adopted in which market-based measures regarding aircraft engine emissions, including the Emission Trading System for international aviation, would be developed. Currently, a wide range of measures to reduce GHG from international aviation have been discussed by the ICAO Council’s Committee on Aviation Environment Protection (CAEP). On the other side, the European Commission (EC) announced last December that aircrafts departing from and landing in the E.U. would be included into an E.U. Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS) to reduce GHG from aircraft, and a formal legislative proposal was already tabled.
The goals for the seminar are to highlight measures being taken and to be taken by stakeholders in addressing CO2 emissions from aircraft, to provide a forum for experts and stakeholders to exchange ideas and to follow up on the ICAO Colloquium held in May.
Senior Advisor, Airport
Environment Improvement Foundation
PRESENTATION ON THE STUDY GROUP REPORT
Senior Representative, Japan International Transport Institute
President of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization
Assistant Secretary for Aviation and International Affairs, U.S. Department of Transportation
Director General of Civil Aviation, U.K. Department for Transport
Duputy Director, Air Transport Bureau, ICAO
Director, Office of Environments and Energy, U.S. Federal Aviation Administration
Duputy Director, Environmental Strategy, Commercial Airlines, Boeing
Policy Officer, Directorate-General Environment, European Commission
Regional Vice President, North America, IATA
Senior Advisor, Policy and Regulatory Affairs for the Airports Council International - North America
International Counsel, Environmental Defense Fund
Professor, Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Tokyo